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Application Programming Interface (API) – A set of routines and protocols for building software components, defining them by functionalities that are independent of implementation. This allows them to be standardized and shared.

Analytics – The study of information/data for meaningful patterns. Most often such analysis is performed to draw a conclusion or determine a course of action. Increasingly larger datasets are making analytics an important new area of development.

Automated Tiering – A management feature that stores data according to administrator policies based on frequency of access, or availability. Hardware is tiered according to operational parameters such as speed and size. A solid state RAID1 array may be overlaid on a conventional RAID6 array, for example. The first layer acts as an I/O buffer with low latency, while the second provides mass storage and parity. Automated Tiering increases storage performance while minimizing equipment overhead.

Bare Metal Restore (BMR) – A backup technique that allows complete recovery of operating system, applications and data to a new machine, with no prerequisites.

Cloud – The cloud is an abstraction that transcends defined limits because it is not merely an enterprise, an object or a place. It is aggregate services spanned across many modern IT facilities with expansive resources and lightning fast interconnectivity. Cloud facilities are able to present many traditional IT functions as services that are “instant on” and adjust in scope to meet client needs. Aggregate services spanned across many modern IT facilities with expansive resources and lightning fast interconnectivity. Cloud facilities are able to present many traditional IT functions as services that are “instant on” and adjust in scope to meet client needs.

Colocation – A secondary or multiple sites with exact duplicates of an I.T. environment used to quickly overcome a catastrophic failure at the primary site.

Continuous Data Protection (CDP) – An automatic backup that saves a copy of every revision to data. CDP captures each version of the dataset so it can be restored to any point of time in the change process.

Deduplication – A technique that compresses data by eliminating duplicate copies of repeating blocks. Intelligent software maintains only one copy and replaces other copies with reference pointers to the original. Deduplication conserves storage space and is particularly important for high-cost storage devices such as All-Flash Arrays.

Hard Drive – Ferromagnetic powder coating such as iron oxide (Fe2O3) over metal substrate.

Hybrid Array – A RAID storage device that leverages non-volatile memory for speed and traditional drives for volume, with intelligent software that chooses the write location based on frequency of access.

Hyper-Convergence – Equipment that integrates compute, storage, network, and virtualization into a single device, which can be stacked like blocks to build out infrastructure for increased demand. Some hyper-converged models allow upgrades to CPU, memory, or disks individually to meet customer requirements. Hyper-Convergence simplifies compatibility, support, management, and additions to infrastructure.

Magnetic Tape – Ferromagnetic powder coating such as iron oxide (Fe2O3) over polyester film strip.

Replication – The process of creating and managing duplicate versions of a dataset.

Router – Device that connects two networks with different IP schemes or ranges, sorting and forwarding packets according to IP (internet protocol) address.

Snapshots – An image that captures the state of a system at a particular point in time.

Switch – Device that sorts and forwards data frames between network segments.

Thin Client – Software that runs on a server and provides applications to remote clients via “screen paints.” Very little data is transferred, hence the term “thin client.” Will run on a slower or leaner connection.

Thin Provisioning (TP) – An infrastructural strategy that allocates resources as needed. This allows companies to implement only as much compute, network, and storage as is required by load at any given point in time. An enterprise may thus appear to have more hard resources than it actually does because a smaller amount is being shifted minute-by-minute to meet demand. Thin provisioning saves on capital expenditure and maintenance costs.

Virtualization – Operating software that allocates resources to create virtual devices such as servers and clients, each with their own defined compute, storage and network parameters. The numbers and sizes of virtual devices are limited only by overall physical resources but are otherwise independent. Virtualization allows resources to be fine-tuned and compartmentalized according to individual tasks.

Wireless Access Point (WAP) – Device with wired connection to the network, which broadcasts wireless connectivity to IEEE 802.11 standards. The signal is typically encrypted.

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